Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for anal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.
Anal Cancer - Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment | MD Anderson Cancer Center
Once it's confirmed that you have anal cancer, your doctor may recommend additional tests to determine whether your cancer has spread to your lymph nodes or to other areas of your body. Your doctor uses the information from the procedures to assign your cancer a stage. The stages of anal cancer are indicated using Roman numerals ranging from 0 to IV, with the lowest stages indicating that the cancer is small and confined to the anus. By stage IV, the cancer has spread to distant areas of the body.
When cancer cells form into benign or malignant tumors in the tissues of the anus, anal cancer has occurred. The anus is the opening at the bottom of your intestines where stool exits the body. Anal cancer is rare, but when it occurs, it may spread to other parts of the body. Some noncancerous forms of anal cancer can also turn cancerous over time. If you have any of the below symptoms and risk factors, talk to your doctor about your concerns.
The type of treatment your cancer care team will recommend depends on the type of anal cancer, where it is, and how far it has spread the stage. This way you can get the best treatment available now and may also get the treatments that are thought to be even better. Anal tumors affecting the anal margin or the perianal skin and not the anal canal are sometimes treated differently from anal canal cancers.